Rastko Nemanjić – Sveta Sava


Sava is the youngest son of Nemanja, born in 1175. Rather early he abandoned secular life and in 1191 went to Sveta Gora. With the support of his father he erected the Orthodox monastery Hilandar. While his father Nemanja and brother Stefan took efforts to establish and protect the Serbian state on the crossroads of Europe and Asia, Hungary and Byzantium and the Latin empire, between the Christian Orthodoxy and Catholicism, Sveti Sava took pains to give rise to the spiritual unity of Serbs, to upgrade their self-consciousness and moral strength. In Hilandar and afterwards in Studenica, he opened the centers of literature and ecclesiastic education. Sava wrote the first pieces of the Serbian literature: Žitije Sv. Simeuna, the first Serbian biography written in 1208, and Službu Sv. Simeunu. In the moment when Byzantine Empire was greatly endangered by the Crusaders he managed to won the independence of the Serbian Othodox Church in 1219. Then he became the first Serbian archiepiscopal hear leader, with his formal seat in Žiča. He wrote Nomakanon, a code of regulations to be respected in the newly formed independent Church and in the Serbian state. In 1236 his relics were taken from Trnovo, Bulgaria to the Mileševa monastery, Prijepolje. However, after having devastated the monastery, on 27 April 1595 Turks burned the relics at Vračar, Belgrade. Today a magnificent temple – the Temple of Sveti Sava is situated there.


About Serbia

Speak Your Mind